All posts by admin

instance of (js)

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User Object

Create Prototype Object and Connect

Whenever we want a object to derive from other objects, we derive their prototype functionalities.
We do so like this:

1) create the an object X with its property __proto__ pointing to the prototype object via Object.create.
2) have their function constructor’s prototype point to that object X.
3) have the object X’s constructor point back to the constructor function
4) Now that we are done connecting, we can use a callback to execute any prototype implementations.

Admin and SuperAdmin

Create the Admin constructor function, initialize its subclass, and then initiate its own property.
Since we want to derive from the user prototype, we put in Admin as the constructor, User.prototype as the prototype object we want to derive from, and finally, implement the prototype functionalities.


The instanceof operator tests whether the prototype property of the [Constructor function] appears anywhere in the prototype chain of the [object].

instanceof is an operator and it expects two operands:

– an object
– Constructor function

it will test if the passed function prototype property exists on the chain of the object.

For example:

Diagram wise:

Hence, as we can see, for object u,

the prototype property of Admin appears in the prototype chain.
the prototype property of User appears in the prototype chain.
However, the prototype property of SuperUser DOES NOT appear


the isPrototypeOf is a function available on the Object.prototype object, it lets you test if an specific object is in the prototype chain of another, since this method is defined on Object.prototype, it is be available for all objects.

for example…

static functions used with prototype functions (js)

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Yes, the first function has no relationship with an object instance of that constructor function, you can consider it like a ‘static method’.

In JavaScript functions are first-class objects, that means you can treat them just like any object, in this case, you are only adding a property to the function object.

The second function, as you are extending the constructor function prototype, it will be available to all the object instances created with the new keyword, and the context within that function (the this keyword) will refer to the actual object instance where you call it.

When MyClass.prototype.publicMethod can access ‘privileged’ members, it means you can access privileged properties and functions from constructor function.

When MyClass.prototype.publicMethod can access ‘public’ members, it means you can access public functions from the prototype, like so:

privacy in IIFE vs Prototypes


In prototypes, we use function constructors to initiate.

Then we use prototypes to create one copy of functions to be shared by all instances of HashTable.


If you want privacy, use IFEE and closure.

Declared and undeclared variables in functions

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Declared variables are constrained in the execution context in which they are declared.

Undeclared variables are always global

…even in inner functions

Let’s declare an inner function called ‘inner’. We have an undeclared variable ‘name’.
That name will be declared as a global. It will be accessible by all scopes.

Chat Room using Node

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Assuming you have node, npm, nodemon/gulp installed.

First, make a directory called DesktopApp. Then start the process of creating a node project.

npm init

Enter your information for the package.json file.

Install Express:

npm install –save express@4.15.2

Server can push messages to clients. Whenever you write a chat message, the idea is that the server will get it and push it to all other connected clients.

Installing mongodb on Ubuntu

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Step 1 — Installing MongoDB

Ubuntu’s official package repositories include an up-to-date version of MongoDB, which means we can install the necessary packages using apt.

First, update the packages list to have the most recent version of the repository listings:

sudo apt update
Now install the MongoDB package itself:

sudo apt install -y mongodb
This command installs several packages containing the latest stable version of MongoDB, along with helpful management tools for the MongoDB server. The database server is automatically started after installation.

Next, let’s verify that the server is running and works correctly.

Step 2 — Checking the Service and Database

The installation process started MongoDB automatically, but let’s verify that the service is started and that the database is working.

First, check the service’s status:

sudo systemctl status mongodb

sending off questions and answers data

Regular Expressions (js)

new style

literal style



Found “ryu” at position 6 in string “shooo ryu ken ryu Ryu rYu ryU!”
Found “ryu” at position 14 in string “shooo ryu ken ryu Ryu rYu ryU!”
Found “Ryu” at position 18 in string “shooo ryu ken ryu Ryu rYu ryU!”
Found “rYu” at position 22 in string “shooo ryu ken ryu Ryu rYu ryU!”
Found “ryU” at position 26 in string “shooo ryu ken ryu Ryu rYu ryU!”

After replacement: shooo ryu ken ryu ryu ryu ryu!

wait for async code in a callback function


We have a function that does some processing. Then it executes a callback function.

So say we call function A, and provide an anonymous callback function.

Under this case, we will get the true in function A’s definition.
Everything is synchronous so we go step by step.

The Problem

The problem happens when we have asynchronous code in our callback

Given definition A:

In our callback definition, we do something asynchrnous. It returns true after 2 seconds.

This is a problem because while the execution is happening for the setTimeOut of waiting 2 seconds, our main execution
continues and our reply will be undefined.

The Solution

The solution is to use Promises. In this particular case, I will use jQuery’s Deferred, which is exactly the same as Promise, except its packaged in jQuery’s API.

1) chain the ‘then’

In order to wait for the async to finish, we call the callback function, and then chain the API call ‘then’ in order to continue with the results. This is assuming we declared a Promise object and returned it in cbConfirmed(). (we’ll get to this in the next step)

When you chain the then call, it will wait for async code to finish, then you simply provide an anonymous callback function inside to get the results.

2) declare and return the Promise object

3) call resolve and use it where the async code has finished

The main execution will wait for the callback to finish. After 2 seconds, the callback returns and gives the result to function A.